The SAR Magazine

Winter 2018-2019

The SAR MAGAZINE is the official quarterly publication of the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution published quarterly.

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WINTER 2018-19 Lewis and Clark Chapter The relationship between President Abraham Lincoln and abolitionist Frederick Douglass would be a good model for political leaders today, Gene McCoskey told members and guests of the Lewis and Clark Chapter during its Christmas dinner at the Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows in Belleville, Ill. Lincoln and Douglass began as political enemies but became friends and allies, said McCoskey, commissioner of the O'Fallon Police Department and a Lincoln historian who served as a consultant to the architectural firm that designed the Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield. "In 1860, when Lincoln was elected president, Douglass was more famous and admired on the national and international stage than was Lincoln," McCloskey said. "Douglass was known in Europe and was a rock-star orator, talking about what slavery in America was like." Douglass was born a slave near Baltimore, Md. His master's wife taught him to read. When he was a teenager, his master sent him to the plantation. Douglass escaped to Baltimore, where he began to speak about his life as a slave. In 1845, he wrote Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave. Douglass' master tried to return him to slavery, so he fled to Europe, where he continued to speak out about slavery. Wealthy supporters gave him the money to purchase his freedom, and he moved to Rochester, N.Y., and started a newspaper, The North Star. "He used his celebrity, his platform and his newspaper to become the single greatest influence in the abolition movement," McCoskey said. When Lincoln was elected president, he was not fervent enough about abolition to suit Douglass, who immediately started attacking Lincoln, calling him unqualified, insensitive and uncaring about race, slavery and injustice. Lincoln wanted to prevent war, so he was conciliatory toward the South in his first inaugural address, saying he wanted to stop the expansion of slavery but not end it where it existed. Lincoln pledged to enforce all the laws of the land, including the Fugitive Slave Act. A frustrated Douglass threatened to move to Haiti, but friends convinced him to stay and campaign for abolition. An unlikely friendship developed between Lincoln and Douglass, who met three times while Lincoln was president. "When Lincoln asked Douglass to come to the White House, it was the first time a president of the United States requested a person of color to come to the White House for the purpose of giving advice and counsel," McCloskey said. Lincoln's Civil War actions showed Douglass that Lincoln had a deeper moral conviction against slavery than he had thought. After Lincoln's assassination, Douglass aligned with the Radical Republicans and was a friend to Mary Todd Lincoln, who gave Douglass Lincoln's favorite walking cane. It can be seen at Douglass's home and museum in Acosta, Md. INDIANA SOCIETY The Indiana SAR Northern Command Color Guard and assisted in the Nov. 12, 2018, Veterans Salute held at Muncie Central High School in Muncie, Ind. Continental Chapter The Continental Chapter displayed its banner at a genealogical informational fair held in Delaware County, Muncie, Ind., at the Carnegie Library, Oct. 21, 2018. Special thanks to Continental Member Gary Miller and his wife, Mary Miller (Indiana Ladies Auxiliary SAR member and DAR), who assisted in the set up and take down of display items. Also thanks to Dennis Babbitt and John (Jack) K. Carmichael, who participated in attendance and, in doing so, shared their expertise in the area of history with others. Pictured with the banner below are, from left, Chapter President James A. Shoptaw and Mark and Janet Kreps. The Gen. Joseph Bartholomew Chapter led a celebration of the 200th anniversary of Illinois becoming the 21th state. The chapter's newly elected officers are, from left, Lance McCormick, Ray Owens, Gordon Bidner, Virgil Short, William White and Dick Chamblin. From left, Brian Kelly, Janet with Mark Kreps, Rolly Bousman, Alan Teller, Dennis Babbitt, James A. Shoptaw and Cherilyn Bousman.

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