The SAR Magazine

Fall 2018

The SAR MAGAZINE is the official quarterly publication of the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution published quarterly.

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13 SPRING 2018 FALL 2018 19 manifest throughout the 1760s. In 1765, a Granville County schoolteacher, George Sims, analyzed the situation in constitutional terms grounded in the English "Revolutionary Settlement," the legislative modus vivendi worked out in the 1690s following nearly a century of constitutional crises and political-religious turmoil throughout the British Isles. His Nutbush Address circulated and gave voice to the frustrations of people who shared a broad "Dissenter" religious culture; they identified the 1690s' protections against arbitrary government with the previous century's resistance to the state-sanctioned uniformity of the Church of England, whether in the British Isles or America. The stresses produced a political organization: the 1766 Sandy Creek Association, intent on electing Regulators and their allies to the Commons House. They took their name, location and orientation from the Baptist settlement whose land agent had been Herman Husband, who emerged as the chief Regulator spokesman. He and other Regulator sympathizers won seats in the Commons House in 1769, only to be expelled or silenced by the majority. After that, Gov. William Tryon sought a legal way to subdue Regulators as "insurrectionists." Advised by the colony's attorney general that he could do so only by legislative sanction, Tryon in 1771 used the new "riot act," which the Commons House had customized for Regulator subjugation. The May 16, 1771 encounter between Tryon's North Carolina militia and a group of Regulators near Alamance Creek in Orange County was the climax of the governor's campaign. The Battle of Alamance settled none of the issues voiced by the Regulator Movement. It left in place deep backcountry distress, outrage, and a politicization that would challenge both the proponents and the opponents of independence a few years later. Further Reading: Carole Watterson Troxler, "Land Tenure as Regulator Grievance and Revolutionary Tool," New Voyages to Carolina: Reinterpreting North Carolina History, eds. Larry E. Tise and Jeffrey J. Crow, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2017. Abby Chandler, "Unawed by the Laws of their Country," Local and Imperial Legitimacy in the North Carolina's Regulator Rebellion," North Carolina Historical Review, Vol. 93 (April 2016), 119-146. Carole Watterson Troxler, Farming Dissenters: The Regulator Movement in the Piedmont North Carolina, Raleigh: Archives and History, 2011. Marjoleine Kars, Breaking Loose Together: The Regulator Rebellion in Pre-revolutionary North Carolina, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. Roger Ekirch, "Poor Carolina," Politics and Society in Colonial North Carolina, 1729-1776, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981. Roger Ekrich, "The North Carolina Regulators on Liberty and Corruption, 1766-1771," in Perspectives in American History, Vol. 11 (1977-1978) 197-256. Marvin L. Michael Kay, "The North Carolina Regulation, 1766-1776: A Class Conflict," in Alfred F. Young, ed. The American Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism, Northern Illinois University Press, 1976. William S. Powell et al., The Regulators in North Carolina: A Documentary History 1759-1776, Raleigh: Archives and History, 1971. Top right, Battle of Alamance monument; middle, close-up of the monument; bottom, Battle of Alamance historic marker

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