The SAR Magazine

Fall 2018

The SAR MAGAZINE is the official quarterly publication of the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution published quarterly.

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Page 11 of 47

12 SAR MAGAZINE O n Saturday afternoon, Sept. 8, under cloudy skies with intermittent rain, President General Warren Alter laid a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery on behalf of the SAR. Escorted by soldiers of the Old Guard, PG Alter was assisted in placing the wreath by Virginia SAR President Pat Kelly. Virginia Color Guard Commander and Virginia Society Second Vice President Bill Schwetke and George Washington Chapter President Ernie Coggins also were part of the presentation party. A good number of compatriots attended in spite of the weather, and members of the Virginia Society Color Guard formed a guard of honor on the steps leading to the tomb. The sentinels who guard the tomb are all volunteers and are considered to be the best of the elite 3rd United States Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard). They guard the tomb 24 hours a day, every day of the year, regardless of the weather. In addition to protecting this sacred site, the soldiers of The Old Guard maintain reverence and silence. The tomb contains the remains of the Unknown Soldiers of World War I, World War II and the Korean War. The Unknown Soldier from World War I was interred on Nov. 11, 1921. A white marble sarcophagus was placed over the grave. On May 30, 1958, the Unknowns from World War II and Korea were buried by the sarcophagus, and their graves were marked with flat, marble slabs. An Unknown from the Vietnam War was buried on Memorial Day, May 28, 1984, and this grave also was marked by a flat, marble slab. As the result of DNA analysis, these remains were identified and exhumed in 1998. It has been decided that this crypt will remain vacant, and the crypt cover was replaced with one inscribed with the words, "Honoring and Keeping Faith with America's Missing Servicemen, 1958-1975." It has become an annual tradition for the George Washington Chapter of the Virginia Society to host this ceremony for the President General to honor the Unknowns and all who are buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Tomb of the Unknown Compatriots attending President General Warren Alter's wreath-laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on Sept. 8. From left, Bill Schwetke, Dr. Don Reynolds, Ernie and Diane Coggins, Jeff Thomas, Ken Morris, Dennis Peterson, Dave Thomas, Dwight Whitney, Pat and Jennifer Kelly, Warren and Nancy Alter, Jim O'Kelley with grandson Bailey Friedman, Vern Eubanks, Dave Cook, Mike Taimi, Peter Davenport, Jack Pitzer, Joe Famme and Rev. Dr. Gene Thomas. [Photo by Tom Roth] and self-government in "Cádiz, Spanish America, and U.S. Constitutionalism in the Age of Revolution." Cádiz, Spain was the seat of the Spanish Cortez (parliament) during much of the Napoleonic Wars and, particularly, of the Spanish Constitution of 1812. During the same period, Spanish America witnessed the Constitution of Cali in 1812, 12 constitutions in New Granada between 1811 and 1815, and four constitutions in Venezuela from 1812 and 1815. Heroes of the American Revolution like Washington and Benjamin Franklin inspired a new spirit in Spanish America as numerous state constitutions were translated into Spanish during the early decades of the 19th century. Finally, Emmanuelle Perez Tisserant, assistant professor of history at the University of Toulouse Jean Juarès, addressed "Spain and the American Revolution, A Continental—and Local— Perspective from Alta California to Florida." Perez Tisserant focused on the unique setting of Alta California, noting that Anglo-Americans were less influenced by their democratic ideas than for their impact on trade. Unlike other parts of Spanish America, California was centrally important as an early point of departure for trans-Pacific trade in such new markets as the Sandwich (Hawiian) Islands, the Pacific Northwest and China. Trans-Pacific trade essentially placed an independent America as a new kind of foreign partner. The conference's final dinner on Saturday paid tribute to the conference's co-honorees, Professors Hilton and Armitage. It concluded on Sunday morning with a lively round-table discussion of the many presentations. Like previous SAR Annual Conferences on the American Revolution, this year's conference provided a stimulating occasion for SAR members and others to engage with academic historians. All those present benefited from discussions of pioneering work in an area that we in the Sons of the American Revolution are coming to recognize as increasingly important. David E. Schrader earned his doctorate in philosophy and taught philosophy for more than 35 years. He served as executive director of the American Philosophical Association from 2006 to 2012. He has served as president of the Edmund Terrill Chapter, TXSSAR; the George Washington Chapter, PASSAR; and the Major Robert Kirkwood Chapter, DESSAR, and presently is president of the Cape Cod Chapter, MASSAR. He also has served as state chaplain in both the PASSAR and the DESSAR and serves as current chaplain of the Germany Society. He also serves as first vice president of the Massachusetts Society and as Vice President General of the New England District.

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