The SAR Magazine

Fall 2018

The SAR MAGAZINE is the official quarterly publication of the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution published quarterly.

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If you are an American and a direct male descendant of someone who rendered civil or military service in one of the 13 American colonies before July 4, 1776, consider joining the NATIONAL SOCIETY SONS OF THE AMERICAN COLONISTS. For information on its activities and eligibility requirements, contact: Registrar General R.D. Pollock P.O. Box 86 Urbana, OH 43078-0086 www.americancolonists.org Men and women, ages 18 and older, who can prove lineal descent from an ancestor who was a resident on land presently part of the State of Rhode Island and the Providence Plantations prior to January 1, 1647-1648, may be eligible for membership. For more information, please write to the Registrar General: Jean Hacker whacker@cox.net COMPATRIOTS! You MaY Be eligiBle for MeMBership in a VerY select order numerous sar members are already affiliated coMpatriots! Eligibility founding ancestor prior to 1657 and a revolutionary War patriot in the same male line. Male line may be from: (1) father's father; (2) Mother's father; (3) father's Maternal grandfather; (4) Maternal grandfather of Mother's father; (5) Maternal grandfather of father's father. for information, contact: daniel c. Warren 1512 steuben road gloucester point, Va 23062 or www.founderspatriots.org FALL 2018 11 from the University of Western Ontario, pursued Spain's diplomatic efforts to build a strong alliance with the new United States in "A Firm and Inviolable Peace and Sincere Friendship: U.S.-Spanish Relations in the Late Eighteenth Century." A relationship was initiated at a meeting between Juan de Morales and George Washington in 1778. When Morales died a mere two years later, Francisco Rendon acceded to Morales' diplomatic role in Philadelphia. Later, the Treaty of San Lorenzo in 1795 established the boundaries between Spain and the United States on a basis of friendship that lasted through much of the 19th century. In Session 5, Eric Nicolas Becerra, a Ph.D. student in history from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, presented "A New Guardian: The Values of the American Revolution in Post-Revolutionary Spanish Louisiana Settlements." New Madrid, in present-day Missouri, on a loop in the Mississippi River adjoining Kentucky, presented a novel experience. A new Spanish policy offered American settlers free land and religious tolerance in exchange for Spanish citizenship. Spain offered American settlers security. George Washington, however, was concerned that Spain might offer markets and protection with which the United States could not complete. The new settlement of New Madrid initially thrived under the leadership of Col. William Morgan, a Revolutionary Patriot from New Jersey. However, Spanish policy changed with Louisiana Gov. Esteban Roderiguez Miró's replacement of Gov. Gálvez. Spain abandoned the policy of religious tolerance, ending the New Madrid experiment. Mary-Jo Kline, an independent historian who has contributed to previous SAR Annual Conferences, presented "Sarah Livingston Jay (1756-1802): A Republican Woman in the Spanish Kingdom." Sarah was the daughter of New Jersey Gov. William Livingston and wife of John Jay. Educated in politics and public service, Sarah came to embody "Republican Womanhood," whether it was by enduring a demanding 300-mile trip from Cadiz to Madrid in the middle of her second trimester of pregnancy or showing off her graceful ease with the high culture of the Madrid museum scene. Session 6 focused on the emergence of liberal ideals in Spanish America. Eduardo Posada-Carbó, professor of history and politics at the University of Oxford, developed ideals of liberty

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